Web Accessibility Standard 1.1 — DRAFT
16 November 2018
1.1 Effective date
1.1.1 This Standard is effective 1 July 2019 and replaces the New Zealand Government Web Accessibility Standard 1.0.
1.2 Mandated organisations
1.2.1 Every Public Service department and Non-Public Service department in the State Services ('Agency') is directed by Cabinet [CAB Min (03) 41/2B] to apply this Standard.
1.4 Assessment and reporting
1.4.1 Each New Zealand Government organisation to which this Standard applies must be prepared, when notified, to:
- assess and report on its conformance with this Standard, and
- in the case of non-conformance with this Standard, submit a risk assessment and management plan regarding any areas of non-conformance.
2.1 Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.1 Level AA
3.1 Temporary exceptions
3.1.1 The requirement in Section 2 is subject to the exceptions set out in this Section. These exceptions will be reviewed annually and this Standard updated as necessary.
3.2 Complex visual maps
3.2.1 Complex visual maps that associate information with one or more points or shapes that cannot reasonably be represented by common identifiers such as postal addresses or the names of specific places or regions are exempt from the requirement set by WCAG Success Criterion (SC) 1.1.1 Non-text Content to provide a text alternative that serves the equivalent purpose. An example of a complex map is one that shows the distribution of different underground mineral deposits in New Zealand.
3.2.2 Where data points or shapes within a map can be represented by common identifiers such as postal addresses or the names of specific places or regions, the map must, in accordance with WCAG SC 1.1.1 Non-text Content, be accompanied by a text alternative that serves the equivalent purpose.
3.3 Alternatives for time-based media (descriptive text transcripts)
3.3.1 In order to meet WCAG SC 1.2.1 Audio-only and Video-only (Prerecorded) and WCAG SC 1.2.3 Audio Description or Media Alternative (Prerecorded) , an alternative for time-based media (descriptive text transcript) must be provided in all cases for prerecorded audio-only, prerecorded video-only, and prerecorded synchronised media.
3.4 Live captions
3.4.1 To meet WCAG SC 1.2.4 Captions (Live) , captions must be provided for the live audio content in all synchronised media that delivers high-stakes information or services where the equivalent information or services are not simultaneously published as text.
3.4.2 Live synchronised media that does not present high-stakes information or services is exempt from the requirement set by WCAG SC 1.2.4 Captions (Live) to provide captions.
3.5 Audio descriptions
A web page:
- whose main content is available for reference purposes but otherwise neither maintained nor updated
- whose main content is clearly marked as archived, and
- that includes accessible instructions on how a user can request an accessible version of its content.
Online information or services whose inaccessibility at the time of publication could reasonably be expected to have a negative impact on an individual’s emergency preparedness and response, health and safety, or critical civil and political rights, entitlements, services, or obligations. Examples include information or services related to:
- civil emergencies and responses
- entitlement or access to benefits, education, consumer or other community protections, passports, or visas
- rights in criminal and civil proceedings
- central government elections or referenda
- tax obligations and rebates
- general health information, specific health advice, health and safety in employment.
- can be accessed only by individuals who are employed by a New Zealand Government Public Service department or Non-Public Service department in the State Services.
Web pages that are part of an intranet are considered to be internally facing.
The content specific to a web page and directly related to that web page’s principal topic or functionality.
As defined in IETF RFC2119 , indicates an absolute requirement.
- can be accessed by individuals who are not employed by a New Zealand Government Public Service department or Non-Public Service department in the State Services.
This includes a website or web page behind a login authentication mechanism that controls access by users outside the responsible New Zealand Government organisation.
Relied on (technologies that are)
As defined in IETF RFC2119 , indicates a recommended course of action that there may be valid reasons under certain conditions to ignore, the full implications of which must be understood and carefully weighed before doing so.
A coherent collection of one or more related web pages that together provide common use or functionality. It includes static web pages, dynamically generated web pages, and web applications. Note: … Websites may be composed of smaller sub-sites, each of which can be considered to be an individual website. For example, a website may include an online shop, an area for each department within the organization, a blog area, and other areas that may each be considered to be a website.
Note that this definition of website includes web applications, web services, and single page applications.
A department’s corporate website (e.g. agency.govt.nz) may comprise multiple sections (e.g. agency.govt.nz/service-a and agency.govt.nz/service-b) owned and/or administered by organisationally distinct units within the department. For the purposes of this Standard, these individual sections may be considered separate websites.
Note that collections of one or more web pages located at different fourth-level domains that belong to the same third-level domain, e.g. projectA.agency.govt.nz and serviceB.agency.govt.nz, constitute separate websites.
A non-embedded resource obtained from a single URI using HTTP plus any other resources that are used in the rendering or intended to be rendered together with it by a user agent .
Note 1: Although any ‘other resources’ would be rendered together with the primary resource, they would not necessarily be rendered simultaneously with each other.
Note 2: For the purposes of conformance with these guidelines, a resource must be ‘non-embedded’ within the scope of conformance to be considered a Web page.
Example 1: A Web resource including all embedded images and media.
Example 3: A customizable portal site, where users can choose content to display from a set of different content modules.
Example 4: When you enter ‘http://shopping.example.com/’ in your browser, you enter a movie-like interactive shopping environment where you visually move around in a store dragging products off of the shelves around you and into a visual shopping cart in front of you. Clicking on a product causes it to be demonstrated with a specification sheet floating alongside. This might be a single-page Web site or just one page within a Web site.
This definition of web page includes web applications, web services, and single page applications.